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If you think you have bed bugs, don’t panic. There is a lot you can do; learn more and create an action plan. Bed bugs are hard to control, even for professionals. When using pesticides, always read and follow the label directions. Be mindful of the possible dangers of using pesticides. These days, many bed bugs are resistant to common pesticides. Bug bombs (foggers) don’t work for bed bugs. Learn more, one step at a time.

Bug Biology and Behavior



Bed bugs are stow-a-ways. They enter homes by hiding in the cracks and crevices of incoming luggage, furniture, clothing, pillows, boxes and other objects. Bed bugs feed on human blood. Their presence has little to do with the cleanliness of the home, although clutter can provide hiding spaces for bed bugs and make them difficult to control. Once bed bugs are established, they rapidly reproduce and spread from room to room.
Bed Bug Control Methods

Bed bugs can be very difficult to control, even for trained professionals. Many insecticides are not effective at killing the eggs, so a second treatment is often necessary to kill the juveniles after eggs hatch. Even worse, many populations of bed bugs have developed resistance to common insecticides, making some sprays ineffective. Regular, thorough inspections and a variety of treatment methods are often needed. Those methods may include heat and steam treatments, fumigation, and cold treatments. A trained professional must do some of these treatments.
Where to start:
If you believe you have bed bugs, the first step is to properly identify them.
If you share walls with neighbors, talk with your neighbors and landlord about making a coordinated effort to treat the problem.
Read more about getting started Bed Bug.

bugs from entering your home.
Physical methods:

Find and remove as many insects as possible. A crevice tool on a vacuum can be used for the tight areas where bed bugs like to hide. Immediately seal and dispose of the vacuum bag if bed bugs are suspected to be present. Clear packing tape or extra sticky lint rollers can also be used to remove bugs and eggs from surfaces.
For bedding, clothing, and other heat durable items, drying them on high heat for 30 minutes will kill all bed bugs, including the eggs. Use dissolvable laundry bags or plastic bags that can be disposed of outside to transport clothing to shared Laundromats. After drying, items should be stored in sealable plastic bins or bags to stop bugs from moving back in.
If you discard infested items, clearly mark them by drawing a picture of a bug on the item(s), which can be understood by people who speak a different language. Also, wrap your items before moving them to keep bed bugs from spreading.

Chemical methods

Always read and follow the label directions for any pesticide product, and make sure the pesticide is intended for treating bed bugs.
If you are working with a pest management professional or a landlord, talk to them before using any pesticides on your own.
Do not use more of a pesticide than the label directions say to use. It could make the problem worse by causing bed bugs to disperse. It could also cause health effects.
Avoid daily spot treatments for bed bugs. It can cause the pesticide-resistant population to grow, making elimination of the bed bugs more difficult.
"Bug bombs" or total release foggers are not effective against bed bugs according to the National Center for Healthy Housing. The pesticide droplets generated by foggers typically do not penetrate the hiding spaces used by bed bugs.
Typically, dust products should be applied in small amounts within the cracks and crevices where bed bugs hide. Read the label to be sure.
Infested items that cannot be treated with pesticides (bedding, clothing, electronic items) can be treated with heat or cold to kill hidden bed bugs. See the resources below for the specific treatment methods.
Large infestations may also be treated using structural fumigation.
Preventing Bed Bug Infestations

The best offense is a good defense. Traveling, overnight stays, and used furniture can increase the risk of bringing bed bugs home. You may also be at higher risk if you share walls with neighbors. Bed bugs are stow-a-ways that hitchhike from one location to the next. They can also walk to nearby rooms through cracks or crevices in walls.
Familiarize yourself with what bed bugs look like, their range of sizes, and their typical hiding places.
Familiarize yourself with bed bug eggs, molted skins, and fecal marks.
Returning home from a trip is your best opportunity to prevent bed bug infestations. Inspect luggage thoroughly before bringing it into your home and do not store luggage near resting areas. Dry all clothing on a hot setting for thirty minutes before putting them away.
Do not use pesticides as a preventative treatment. Modern pesticides usually have to hit the bed bugs in order to be effective, rather than leaving effective residues.
Repair cracks in plaster, wallpaper, and paint on the walls and ceilings. Seal crevices around windows and baseboards.
Remove clutter around sleeping areas, and do not store items under the bed.
Thoroughly inspect and clean any used furniture before bringing it home.
Used clothing should be dried for at least 30 minutes on high before bringing it home.
Change and wash bedding regularly, inspecting sheets, mattress seams, and under tags for signs of bed bug activity.
When arriving at a hotel or other sleeping place, avoid placing your luggage on the bed or the floor until you have conducted a thorough inspection. You can use the luggage rack (after inspecting it) or put your luggage in the bathroom.
The resources below explain how to prevent bed